Power Purchase Agreement Botswana

Power Purchase Agreement in Botswana: What You Need to Know

The power sector in Botswana is undergoing significant transformations as the government aims to increase the country`s energy security and reduce its reliance on imported power. One of the key strategies is the use of Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) between renewable energy producers and utility companies. Here`s what you need to know about PPAs in Botswana.

What is a Power Purchase Agreement?

A Power Purchase Agreement is a contract between two parties – a power generator and a utility company – that outlines the terms of the sale and purchase of electricity. The generator agrees to produce electricity, typically from renewable sources such as solar or wind, and the utility agrees to purchase it at a fixed price for a specified period.

Why are PPAs important for Botswana?

Botswana currently relies on imported power from neighboring countries, which makes energy prices volatile and exposes the country to supply disruptions. PPAs with renewable energy producers can provide a reliable and affordable source of electricity, reducing Botswana`s reliance on imports and promoting energy security.

What are the key features of a PPA?

PPAs have several essential features, including the following:

– Contract term: PPAs typically have a term of 15-25 years, providing a long-term source of revenue for the generator and a stable source of electricity for the utility.

– Capacity and energy payments: The generator receives payments for both the capacity (the maximum amount of power it can produce) and the energy (the actual amount of power it produces) delivered to the grid.

– Fixed price: The price of electricity in a PPA is typically fixed for the duration of the contract, providing certainty for both parties.

– Payment structure: Payments are usually made on a monthly or quarterly basis, with the generator submitting invoices based on the amount of energy delivered.

How are PPAs being implemented in Botswana?

Botswana has made significant progress in promoting renewable energy and developing its power sector through the implementation of PPAs. In 2016, the government launched a 100MW solar power plant project in the country`s central region, with the electricity to be sold to the national utility through a PPA.

In 2020, the Botswana Power Corporation (BPC) signed two PPAs for a combined 20MW of solar power, which will be developed by local companies and sold to the BPC. These agreements are part of the government`s efforts to increase renewable energy capacity and improve energy security.


PPAs are an essential tool in Botswana`s efforts to promote renewable energy and improve its energy security. By providing a reliable and affordable source of electricity, PPAs can reduce the country`s reliance on imports and provide long-term benefits for both the generator and the utility. As the country continues to develop its power sector, the implementation of PPAs will play a critical role in achieving its energy goals.